Bromley House Library 1816 to 1916

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Some major entries on this page:

W. Galloway
Subscriber: 4/7/1864 to 1/5/1871.
He signed the memorial in support of Count Marioni (librarian) in 1867.

William Galloway
Address: Mansfield (1848), Bridgford (1852).
Subscriber: 31/3/1834 to 1/11/1858.
Newsroom subscriber: 1832.
Committee: 1835, 1836.
He was elected to the 1848-9 Committee but did not attend and then resigned on 3/4/1849 being replaced by Mr Skipwith.

R.G. Garvey
Subscriber: 2/1/1862 to 5/1/1863.

Alexander Young Gascoyne
Painter & decorator.
Address: 47 Melbourne Street (Post Office, 1876)
George Frederick Gascoyne
Painter, decorator, dealer in art and artists’ materials, etc.
Address: 11 Low Talbot Street (Post Office, 1876); 28 Goldsmith Street. Home: Sutton Bonnington [White, 1885]; 14 Park Street and 7 Shakespeare Street (Kelly, 1891).

The minutes refer to 'Gascoign' or 'Gascoyne'.

Various painting and decorating jobs were done between 1870 and 1897:

Estimate or tender
Accepted Paid
Contracted 'to paint Library'

7/11/1870 This is possibly the £98 18s 6d recorded in March 1871
Interior and exterior painting £36 8s 0d 2/6/1873 7/7/1873

The sum of £37 8s 0d is recorded as paid in March 1874.
Exterior painting
£23 14s 0d 7/5/1877 4/6/1877 £24 8s 4d 3/9/1877
Another decorating job

£21 19s 0d 3/2/1879
Painting staircase £39 0s 0d 5/6/1882 Immediately £48 19s 0d 8/8/1882
Invited to tender for external painting along with two others
£59 11s 0d 7/8/1883
Exterior painting  £23 18s 0d

A payment of £41 1s 0d was recorded for March 1888.
£134 2s 0d £134 2s 0d
Invited to tender for external painting £25 18s. 0d 5/4/1897 6/4/1897 £43 12s 0d 6/7/1897

There were other payments during this period which cannot be matched to particular contracts.

Abigail Gawthern (1757-1822)
Address: Low Pavement.

She kept a diary covering the period from 1751 to 1810 which gives a detailed and intimate picture of her life in Nottingham.
She was the daughter of Thomas Frost a Nottingham grocer.
In 1793 she married Francis Gawthern, a white lead manufacturer also of Nottingham.
They had a family:

Her diary for 1804 reads:
18 Apr. (Wednesday)
Snowed; at a sandwich party at Mr Thomas Smith’s Bromley House, above 50 people. Captain Fothergill intoxicated and behaved rude to Mr Ray.
 (Henstock, 1980)

At the time the house was occupied by Thomas Smith but was coming to the end of its days as a fine town house (Hoskins, 1991).

Francis Gawthern (1786-1841)
Address: Bramcote.
Subscriber: 5/2/1816 to 1/7/1844.
Newsroom subscriber: 1831, 1832, 1833.
Committee: 1817, 1818, 1828, 1829.
He signed the Library Rules (1816-1830).

He was the son of Abigail and Francis Gawthern.

Francis Gawthern
White lead manufacturer of Nottingham.

In 1783 he married Abigail Frost (1757-1822), daughter of Thomas Frost.

He was a member of the 'Town Class' of the White Lion Book Society in 1788-9 but listed as 'Francis Gawtherne, Esq.'.
See –– William Moore.

Mr Gawthorn or Gawthern
His tenancy at Bromley House was complicated.

The story starts in late 1831 when the Subscriptions Book records his rent of £4 0s 0d for the use of the garret for two years (Michaelmas 1831 to Michaelmas 1833) and £1 6s 6d for eight months paid on 18/2/1834 and 26/2/1835 respectively.

The back cover of this book has this written inside it:
Mr Gawthern gave up the key of the garret 31 May 1834 and at the same time entered tennant of one of the upper rooms No 4.

He paid £6 6s 0d on 26/2/1835 for a years use of what was described as ‘Room 4’ up to 27/5/1835.
He had moved to ‘Room 6’ by 7/3/1836 when he paid £5 0s 0d.
This seems to have been also known as the ‘Upper Room’ for which he paid £5 0s 0d from 7/3/1836 to 11/6/1838, followed by £4 0s 0d on 19/12/1838 and £2 8s 0d on 16/10/1839.

His movement from room to room was not without problems as on 5/12/1836 he was to quit the use of Room 4 on 27/3/1837.
However, he was still using it on 6/8/1838 and the rent was reduced to £8 per annum.
On 3/12/1838 it was noted that he would quit use of Room 4 on 27/5/1839.

William Gee
Address: Papplewick; Mansfield (1848).
Subscriber: 6/12/1841 to 6/2/1854.

???? George
A payment of £2 0s 0d for books was made on 6/9/1875.

William George
He was paid £2 in September 1875 for unspecified reasons (6/9/1875).

H.M. George V
The minutes (2/6/1914) record that the flag was to be put out for the King’s visit in 1914.

Charles Gerring (d. mid-1930s)
Valuer of books and bookshop manager.
Address: F. Murray’s. 2 Bridlesmith Gate. home: 5 Forest Grove, Colville Street [Wright, 1894-95]; Gedling from about 1900.

He was asked to report on the value of special books and in November 1905 the Library paid him a valuation fee of £18 18s 0d (7/11/1905).
His valuation of £2446 15s 0d was reported on 3/4/1906.

He and his family came to Nottingham in about 1882 and having lived in a very substantial house and employed a nursery maid and a general servant.
By 1891 they were living in lodgings. (Dorothy Ritchie, personal communication, 2006)

Miss Gibbons or Gibson
Subscriber: 6/6/1836 to 5/12/1836.

Miss Emily Louisa Gibson
Mrs Emily S. (J.B.) Gibson

Address: 7 Cavendish Crescent, The Park.
Subscriber: 5/6/1882 to 9/4/1907.
Share number: 86 (certificate: 9/2/1901).

The share was transferred from J.B. Gibson (deceased) to Emily Louisa Gibson.
The share was with Mrs J.B. Gibson from about 1892.
The final transfer was in the name of Emily S. Gibson (Mrs) and the 1907 Ledger has this name.

J.B. Gibson
Subscriber: 2/4/1872 to 5/6/1882.

In 1874 he was one of 27 nominated as a Trustee of the Library, and he was one of the 14 elected (17/3/1874).

A note in the minutes for 17/3/1874 states: Died 1881.
The share was with 'representatives of' in 1882 and although transferred to Miss Emily Louisa Gibson, listed as with Mrs J.B. Gibson in 1883, 1887 & 1890.

John Gibson
Subscriber: 4/3/1833 to 4/7/1853.
See –– William Parsons’ Diary.

W. Gibson
Subscriber: 1/11/1869 to 6/12/1875.
He was known as 'Junior'.

William Gibson
, JP
Subscriber: 20/4/1825 to 14/4/1896.

He was a subscriber for just six days under 71 years.
This is the longest continuous period found for a subscriber between the Library’s inception in 1816 and 1916 when this survey ends.

He signed the memorial in support of Count Marioni (librarian) in 1867.
See –– William Parsons’ Diary.

Mrs Ann Gilbert
See –– Joseph Gilbert.

Annie Laurie Gilbert (1851-1943)
A photographic copy of her Sneinton Windmill 1919 is in the George Green Room (2006).

This entry was provided by  Robin Gilbert, whose great-grandfather’s elder brother was Josiah Gilbert, the son of Joseph Gilbert.

The family of
John Gilbert (1725-1801)
m. Sarah Hellerby (b.c.1746; d.1780).
Rev Joseph Gilbert (b.20 Mar 1779 in Wrangle, Lincolnshire; d. 12 Dec 1852 at St James Street, Nottingham; bur. Nottingham General Cemetery)
m.(1) Sarah  Chapman (d. Jan 1812)

She was the daughter of a surgeon in Burgh, Lincolnshire;

m.(2: 24 Dec 1813 at Ongar) Ann Taylor (1782-1866), the eldest child of the Independent Minister, engraver and educational pioneer, the Rev Isaac Taylor (1759-1829) and Ann Martin (1757-1830).
Josiah Gilbert (1814-1892)
m.(1:17 Jan 1839 at Chorlton, near Manchester) Susanna (or Susan) Green (1809-1871), daughter of hosier John Green (d. before 1839) and Sussannah Hine (d.1811);
m(2: 9 Aug 1880) Mary (1835-1925), daughter of the Rev George Steward, a Congregational Minister.
Mary’s first husband was William Henry Angas (1833-18?79), a son of George Fife Angas (1789-1879).
Anne Taylor Gilbert (1816-1887)
m. John Newham Dunn, the Nottingham printer and bookseller;
Sir Joseph Henry Gilbert (1817-1901)
m.(1) Eliza Laurie.
He was an agricultural chemist, who, with John Bennett Lawes, founded the Rothamsted Agricultural Research Station. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society and was knighted;
Edward Williams Gilbert (b.1818; d.1827 aged 8 years)
He was said to be academically the brightest of all the children;
Jane Jefferys Gilbert (1820-1907) She never married;
Isaac Charles Gilbert (1822-1855)
m. Anne Gee.
He was an architect practising in Nottingham. Anne wrote an evocative slim volume entitled Recollections of Old Nottingham and became an expert on local botany;
Caroline Gilbert (1823-1892)
She never married;
James Montgomery Gilbert (1825-1864)
m. Jemima Taylor Herbert (his cousin)
He was a civil engineer whose promising career in business was cut short by his early death.
Other children

Rev Joseph Gilbert (1779-1852)
Congregational minister and theologian.
Subscriber: 6/1/1840 to 3/5/1841.
Newsroom subscriber: 1831, 1832.

The Rev Joseph Gilbert (1779-1852), Congregational Minister , was born on 20 Mar 1779 in Wrangle, Lincolnshire, the son of a farmer of Wesleyan sympathies, John Gilbert (1725-1801), and his wife Sarah, née Hellerby (b.c.1746; d.1780). As a child and young man, his only formal education was at the village school.  After a brief, but successful, career in business at East Retford in Nottinghamshire, during which he played an active part in the local Independent congregation, he entered the Independent College at Rotherham in 1806.
        On completing his studies (at which he excelled), he was called to the Ministry and was briefly Pastor to the Independent congregation at Southend (1809-1811), before returning to Rotherham as Classical & Mathematical Tutor and, from December 1813, also as Pastor of the Nether Chapel in Sheffield. On the death in March 1813 of the Principal of the College, Dr Edward Williams who was also his mentor, Gilbert was the students' unanimous choice to succeed him [1], but in the event the appointment went to another.
A move to Nottingham
He later served in Hull (1817-1825), at the thriving Fish Street Chapel, and in Nottingham, where, after a brief and, professionally, unhappy period as co-Pastor, with his former pupil, the Rev Richard Cecil, of the St James Street congregation, he left to form the Friar Lane congregation in 1827. He remained Pastor at Friar Lane until a few months before his death. The Friar Lane Chapel was opened in 1828. 
        Gilbert published a number of sermons and a Life of Dr Williams (1825). In 1826-7, he delivered a highly successful course of public lectures and seminars in Nottingham on the Evidences of Christianity, which achieved many converts from atheism and brought him into conflict with the radical freethinker Richard Carlile (1790-1843). This encounter resulted in Carlile's suing for libel, losing the case with costs and being imprisoned in default of payment, until Gilbert and his friends themselves raised the money to free him.  These lectures were delivered without benefit of a script and were thus never published [2].

        However, Gilbert's most important theological work was The Christian Atonement (1836), the edited texts of his Congregational Lectures of 1835.  His approach to his faith was rational, intellectual and socially liberal, but in his preaching he was always concerned to ensure understanding by all his hearers regardless of their educational attainments.   He did not allow theological or political differences to engender a lack of respect or charity towards his opponents and usually contrived to maintain good and even cordial personal relations with those with whom he disagreed on such matters, including Richard Cecil and his brother-in-law, Isaac Taylor of Stanford Rivers.  He and his second wife Ann were also closely involved in promoting many of the social and political causes of the day, including the abolition of slavery, Catholic emancipation and Free Trade, and Gilbert represented the Congregational Church in Nottingham in several petitions to Parliament;  he was also a strong proponent of disestablishment.  The Gilberts were part of a wide circle of influential Dissenters in Nottingham, including the Morleys, the Wilsons, the Hines, the Herberts and, probably, the Howitts [3].  Joseph Gilbert was admitted a Burgess of the Town of Nottingham in December 1830.  Towards the end of his life, Gilbert took in a small number of pupils as part of his household.
Family matters
Joseph Gilbert’s first wife Sarah, née Chapman, was the daughter of a surgeon in Burgh, Lincolnshire, where, as a very young man, Gilbert had been apprenticed to a shopkeeper. Sarah had died childless in January 1812, but her orphaned niece, Salome Goodricke, was Gilbert's ward.  Salome married one of Gilbert's pupils at Rotherham, Richard Cecil, who invited Gilbert to Nottingham in 1825 and  later became one of the Rev Isaac Taylor's successors as Pastor of the, by then, Congregational Church at Ongar in Essex.

        On 24 December 1813, at Ongar, Joseph Gilbert married Ann Taylor (1782-1866), the eldest child of the Independent Minister, engraver and educational pioneer, the Rev Isaac Taylor (1759-1829). He had proposed to her before even having met her on the strength of an estimation of her character formed by reading her work. This was almost certainly, her work as a literary critic in the Eclectic Review rather than her poems for children, as has often been stated.
There were eight children of the marriage:
  • Josiah (1814-1892), who became a successful portrait painter;
  • Anne Taylor (1816-1887), who married the Nottingham printer and bookseller John Newham Dunn, who was a subscriber to the Library;
  • Joseph Henry (1817-1901), an agricultural chemist, who, with John Bennett Lawes, founded the Rothamsted Agricultural Research Station, became a Fellow of the Royal Society and was knighted;
  • Edward Williams (1818-1827), said to be academically the brightest of all the children, but who died aged only eight;
  • Jane Jefferys (1820-1907), who never married;
  • Isaac Charles (1822-1855), an architect practising in Nottingham, who married Anne Gee, later to write an evocative slim volume entitled Recollections of Old Nottingham and to become an expert on local botany;
  • Caroline (1823-1892), who, like her sister Jane, did not marry;
  • James Montgomery (1825-1864), a civil engineer, who married his cousin Jemima Taylor Herbert and whose promising career in business was cut short by his early death.  
Joseph Gilbert died at his home in St James Street, Nottingham on 12 December 1852.
His grave, and that of his second wife Ann, marked by a vast High Victorian monument, are in the General Cemetery in Nottingham.
After Gilbert's death, his widow published A Biographical Sketch of the Rev. Joseph Gilbert (1853), which included the brief beginnings of an autobiography by Gilbert himself (the manuscript of which survives in the family).  His brother-in-law Isaac Taylor described him as:

A man of the warmest benevolence, of extraordinary intelligence, extensive acquirements,
excellent judgement in common affairs, and withal of deep and elevated piety. [4]

Josiah Gilbert  (1814-1893)
He painted the portrait of  Samuel Newham (q.v.) [pastel; 21 x 16 inches] of 1848 which was given to the Library by  Mrs J.T. Brewster (Russell, 1916).
It is now in the Ellen Harrington Room (2006).

Josiah Gilbert was born on 7 October 1814 at Masborough, near Rotherham, the eldest child of the Rev Joseph Gilbert (1779-1852), an Independent Minister, and his wife Ann, née Taylor (1782-1866).   At that time, Joseph Gilbert was Tutor in Classics and Mathematics at the Rotherham Independent College and Pastor of the Nether Chapel in Sheffield; in 1817, he moved to Hull as Pastor of the Fish Street Chapel there.
Josiah’s early years
    In 1819, Ann Gilbert’s parents, the Rev Isaac Taylor (1759-1829) and his wife Ann, née Martin (1757-1830), paid a visit to their daughter in Hull, at a time at which Ann Gilbert was far from well.  When they returned to Ongar, they took with them their eldest grandchild Josiah, then not quite five years old. [5] He was to make his home with them for the rest of his grandfather's life.  The reason for this apparently drastic step is hard to fathom.  It certainly does not betoken any lack of affection between parents and child, nor did it lead to any such lack in later life.  Josiah grew up to be a loving and loyal son, whose editing and completion of his mother's biography shows his pride in, and affection for, both his parents wherever one looks, while the evidence in Ann's letters of her devotion, and her husband Joseph's, to their children, and particularly to Josiah, is too overwhelming to be gainsaid. [6].  Initially at least, the move was presumably intended, at a time of sickness, to reduce the pressure on a busy Minister's wife and mother of, by now, four children.  However, this would not explain why Josiah did not return once Ann was recovered.  At Ongar, no doubt with the encouragement of his grandfather, who was an eminent engraver, Josiah first developed an aptitude for art, originally with the emphasis on sculpture.  A rough sketch by Isaac Taylor of Josiah with one of his early sculptures survives in the Nottingham Castle Museum.
He becomes an artist
    On the death of his grandfather in December 1829, Josiah returned to his parents’ home, which was by this time in Nottingham.  Within a few years, however, he moved to London to undergo formal training as an artist.  He was first a pupil at Sass's Academy [7], which cost his father the substantial sum of £40 a year [8], moving to the Royal Academy in 1833, where he was one of the prize students of his year. [9]  He exhibited his portraits, most of which were crayon drawings, regularly at the Royal Academy between 1847 and 1865 [10 and his wife Susan’s diaries record the names of many of his sitters, ranging from relatives to the Marquis of Devonshire.
    A brief account of Josiah Gilbert's career as a painter is given by Heather Williams in The Lives and Works of Nottingham Artists 1750-1914 (1981), an unpublished doctoral thesis, a copy of which is held by the Nottingham Castle Museum.  Unfortunately, the present whereabouts of only a small proportion of his many portraits are now known.  There are a few in the Nottingham Public Library, the Nottingham Castle Museum and the Bromley House Library in Nottingham, at least one in the Taylor Room in the Guildhall in Lavenham, one or two in the National Portrait Gallery collection, two in the Laing Gallery in Newcastle, one in the Colchester Museum Resource Centre and a few in private hands.
Family matters
    Josiah Gilbert married Susanna Green (1809-1871), usually known as Susan, at Chorlton, near Manchester, on 17 January 1839.  Entries in Susan’s diaries suggest that their relationship had first blossomed at Thrumpton near Nottingham on 1 November 1834.   Susan's father was John Green, described on the marriage certificate simply as ‘Gentleman’, but almost certainly a hosier;  in an entry in Ann Gilbert’s Album [11] commemorating the wedding, he is described as ‘the late John Green Esq of Castlegate, Nottingham’.  Her mother Sussannah, née Hine, had died in 1811 soon after Susan was born.  The address of both bride and groom is given on the certificate as 3 Richmond Terrace, Stretford, the home of Susan’s sister and brother-in-law, Anna & John Latham [12]. Notwithstanding the place of marriage, the Greens were a Nottingham family.  Between 1841 and 1866, Susan Green kept diaries, most of which have survived and are preserved in the Essex County Record Office at Chelmsford. [13]
    By 1841, Josiah and Susan were living in Berners Street in London, but, in 1843, Josiah accepted an invitation from his uncle, Isaac Taylor of Stanford Rivers, to collaborate with him in the development of a mechanical engraving device [14] and, in September of that year [15], Josiah and Susan moved to a house at Marden Ash on the southern outskirts of Chipping Ongar, which Josiah initially rented, but later bought.   The original house dates from 1556.  A facade was added in the mid-18th century and the building extended at the back at various times. [16]  According to the present owners, Dr & Mrs Andrew Morrison, the name ‘Dyers’ appears in early deeds going back to the sixteenth century.  However, Josiah Gilbert's writing-paper was headed simply ‘Marden Ash’, and, as far as the present writer is aware, there is no reference to a house name in Taylor or Gilbert sources.  An obituary letter in The British Weekly of 25 August 1892 by ‘Claudius Clear’ refers to ‘his beautiful home of many years - Marden Ash, Ongar’.  When the contents of the house were dispersed after the death of Mary Gilbert in 1925, a chair was bought by the Padfield family and taken to New House Farm, where Josiah Gilbert had lived with his grandparents as a small boy, and remained there until the house was sold in 1996.
    Despite his involvement in the development of the engraving machine, Josiah Gilbert continued actively to pursue his career as a portrait painter, which was fortunate, since the unexpected death of the project’s principal backer, Dr Traill, in 1847 almost brought it to the point of financial disaster . [17]
    Josiah Gilbert was a loyal member of the Congregational Chapel at Ongar, where his grandfather had been Pastor, and he was for many years one of its Deacons.  A benefaction from him enabled the Congregation to buy the Livingstone Cottages adjacent to the Chapel, which remain to this day an important source of income for what is now the United Reformed Church.
Foreign travel
    For several years in the early 1860s, Josiah and Susan Gilbert made extended visits to the Dolomite Mountains in the company of George Cheetham Churchill and his wife Anna Maitland, née Laurie, the daughter of one of Ann Gilbert’s oldest friends and sister of Eliza, the first wife of Josiah’s younger brother Henry .  A collection of water colours painted by Josiah during these and subsequent trips to the area was bequeathed to the Nottingham Castle Museum by Josiah’s second wife in 1925.  Josiah Gilbert and George Churchill were largely responsible for bringing the Dolomites to the attention of the British public.
Death of his first wife and re-marriage
    Susan Gilbert died on 30 March 1871 in Nottingham and is buried in Nottingham General Cemetery.  Josiah subsequently married again on 9 August 1880, his second wife being a widow, Mary Angas, née Steward (1835-1925), the daughter of the Rev George Steward, a Congregational Minister.  George Steward’s widow Mary had moved to Ongar in 1869, and it is likely that Mary Angas and Josiah met through her mother.  Mary’s first husband was William Henry Angas (1833-18?79), a son of George Fife Angas (1789-1879), whom the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography notices as having been born in Newcastle and being a fervent Baptist, the founder of the National & Provincial Bank and one of the founders of South Australia.
His death
    Josiah Gilbert died at Marden Ash on 18 August 1892, but is buried in the Nottingham General Cemetery near his first wife Susan, his grave being marked by an elaborate monument, which contrasts with the simpler, yet rather unusual, stone over Susan’s grave.  Mary Gilbert, who died on 20 March 1825, is buried in the Ongar General Cemetery.  In her widowhood, though small in stature, she was a formidable presence well remembered by at least one inhabitant of Ongar who survived into the 21st century, the remarkable Marie Korf (1903-2003).
  • Josiah Gilbert (editor) (1874) Autobiography & Other Memorials of Mrs Gilbert (formerly Ann Taylor).  (Bromley House Library: Ca4247 & Ca4248);
  • A contribution to A Biographical Sketch of the Rev. Joseph Gilbert (1853)
  • The Dolomite Mountains: excursions through Tyrol, Carinthia, Carniola, & Friuli in 1861, 1862, & 1863: with a geological chapter, and pictorial illustrations from original drawings on the spot. (with George C. Churchill); 1864);
  • Cadore or Titian's Country (1869);
  • Landscape in Art before Claude & Salvator (1885);
  • Nature, the Supernatural and the Religion of Israel (1893).
The obituary cited above speculates that he was also the author of one of Murray's early guides to Switzerland, a thesis strongly supported by several entries in Susan’s diaries to his working on ‘his Guide’ and one to his paying a visit to Murray in London.
He contributed articles on theological topics to The Congregationalist and to The Expositor.

Autobiography & Other Memorials of Mrs Gilbert (formerly Ann Taylor) vol 1, p.257. 
Ibid, vol 2, pp.69-72.
See, e.g. Ann Gilbert’s pocket-book for 1829. Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand.
Memoirs and Correspondence of Jane Taylor by Isaac Taylor (1787-1865) (originally published in 1825) in The Family Pen, Memorials, Biographical and Literary, of the Taylor Family of Ongar (1867), edited by Isaac Taylor (1829-1901), vol I, p.282.
Also quoted in Autobiography & Other Memorials of Mrs Gilbert (formerly Ann Taylor), vol 1, p.261).
Autobiography & Other Memorials of Mrs Gilbert (formerly Ann Taylor), vol 2, pp.17-18.
Ibid, vol 2, pp.19-21
Letter of Joseph Gilbert, 27 Feb 1832, Nottinghamshire Archives, M 22880/60.
Letter of Joseph Gilbert, 21 Jul 1832, Nottinghamshire Archives, M 22880/65.
Letter of Ann Gilbert, 20 Nov 1833, Nottinghamshire Archives, M 22880/74.
The Royal Academy Exhibitors, pp.236-237, Suffolk Record Office HD 588/11/5.
See, e.g. Ann Gilbert’s Album, p.309.
See, e.g. Ann Gilbert’s Album, p.309 & numerous entries in Susan Gilbert’s diaries.
Essex County Record Office at Chelmsford, D/DU 1545/1-18.
Autobiography & Other Memorials of Mrs Gilbert (formerly Ann Taylor) vol 2, pp.209ff.
See also Susan Gilbert’s diary for 1843.
Survey of Architecture in Ongar produced by the Workers' Educational Association in the 1950s. Essex Record Office T/P 96.
Autobiography & Other Memorials of Mrs Gilbert (formerly Ann Taylor), vol 2, 219ff.

This entry was provided by Robin Gilbert, whose great-grandfather’s elder brother was Josiah Gilbert, the son of Joseph Gilbert.

Ann Gibert
née Taylor

The two volume Autobiography and other memorials of Mrs Gilbert was edited by her son Josiah Gilbert and published in 1874 (Bromley House Library: Ca4247 & Ca4248)

Josiah Gilbert
He painted the portrait of Samuel Newham (q.v.) [pastel; 21 x 16 inches] of 1848 which was given to the Library by Mrs J.T. Brewster (Russell, 1916).
It is now in the Ellen Harrington Room (2006).

Dr Gill
Subscriber: 3/7/1854 to 2/4/1856.

Miss A.M. Gill
Subscriber: 7/5/1895 to 5/1/1897.
The share was transferred from J.H. Gill (deceased).

Eliza Gill
See –– Alfred Barber: photographer.

F. Butcher Gill (c.1808-1884)
Subscriber: 6/8/1849 to 2/4/1855.

He was elected to the Committee in 1860 but did not attend.

He was the son of George Gill and a silk merchant of Hounds Gate with a silk mill at Beeston.
With a quiet and retiring disposition he built churches and schools in Nottingham and founded a charity aiding the widows and daughters of the clergy (Mellors, 1924).

Francis Gill
Subscriber: 5/2/1816 to 1/1/1822.
He signed the Library Rules (1816-1830).

Francis B. Gill
Subscriber: 30/3/1857 to 1/6/1868.
The share was transferred from George Gill.
He signed the memorial in support of Count Marioni (librarian) in 1867.

Frank Gill

Newsroom subscriber: 1832, 1833.

George Gill (1778-1855)
Subscriber: 5/2/1816 to 30/3/1857.
Newsroom subscriber: 1831, 1832.
He signed the Library Rules (1816-1830).

He was possibly Simon Smoothtongue or Ebenezer Cynic in the pamphlet The Literary Mousetrap published on 14/2/1829 satirising the debates that were taking place at Bromley House Library.

On 27/4/1833 he paid £1 6s 6d for the Albion. (Newsroom Subscription Book 1831-1834; named just as Gill).

George Gill was born at Wilford where his father was both curate and schoolmaster.
Apprenticed to a hosier, he became a lace, thread and yarn commission agent.
He was connected to High Pavement Chapel and contributed to many causes including:
He was also active in the foundation of the People's Hall in Heathcote Street and its library.
In 1841 the Chartist William Lovett argued against the establishment of libraries in public houses and was later involved in the establishment of the People's Hall in 1856.

George Gill's intention to establish a library was carried out after his death by his son and other trustees.

Gill had expressed his aim as follows:
It is my earnest desire that it prove to the industrious classes of the town and neighbourhood a pleasant resort from the business and cares of life, and conduce to their temporal well being and happiness, as well as to their mental and moral improvement.
In this temperance institution  (tobacco was also forbidden), the librarian was required to provide refreshments 'such as tea, coffee, cocoa, bread, butter, cheese, fruit, buns, biscuits, soup, vegetables, and meat'. In other respects, however, it had a rather more liberal constitution than, for example, the Artizans' Library, and has been described as 'a democratised mechanics' institute'.

The trustees included Anthony John Mundella, the a prominent radical MP.

Gill Street is named after him (Mellors, 1924).
The share was transferred to F.B. Gill.

[Mellors, 1924; Peter Hoare (2003) The operatives’ libraries of Nottingham: a radical community’s own initiative. Library History, 19, 173-184).

J.H. Gill
Address: Sandiacre (1865).
Subscriber: 2/4/1855 to 7/4/1874.
The share was transferred from John Gill.

John Gill
See –– Alfred Barber: photographer.

John Gill
Subscriber: 2/4/1816 to 29/5/1818.
He signed the Library Rules (1816-1830).

John Gill
Subscriber: 5/6/1837 to 2/4/1855.
The share was transferred to J.H. Gill.

John H. Gill
Subscriber: 5/3/1877 to 7/5/1895.
He bought an original share for £30 on 5/4/1877.
The share was transferred to Miss Gill.

Mary Gill
See –– Alfred Barber: photographer.

Robert Gill
Subscriber: 5/2/1816 to 30/1/1818.
Newsroom subscriber: 1831.
He signed the Library Rules (1816-1830).

Thomas Gill
Newsroom subscriber: 1831.

William Henry Gill
Address: Lenton.
See –– Alfred Barber: photographer.

Mr Gimson
Someone named Gimson paid 10d for a key to Bromley House (18/8/1849).

Thomas F. Gimson
Subscriber: 2/5/1831 to 7/9/1868.
Newsroom subscriber: 1831, 1832.

He was nominated as a new trustee on 28/2/1848.

He signed the memorial in support of Count Marioni (librarian) in 1867.

Henry Gisborne
Address: 6/12/1875 to 1/10/1877.
The share transfer was deferred from 1/11/1875.

J. Gladstone
He was an applicant for the post of porter on 6/2/1843.

Glover & Sons
Address: Dragon Yard, 85 1/2 Upper Parliament Street [Post Office, 1876].
John Glover
Address: 67 1/2 Upper Parliament Street, and Woodland Place, Long Row West (Post Office, 1876).

Payments  were made to Glover as follows:
Services of a locksmith  4s 6d 19/11/1870
Repairs  £1 12s 4d 24/9/1881
Services of a locksmith 7s 3d 15/3/1874
Repairs £5 14s 6d 24/6/1882
Services of a locksmith 15s 3d 30/3/1878
Other work £5 12s 8d 3/7/1882
Other work
£5 19s 0d 9/8/1880

Alfred Goater
Subscriber: 1/3/1869 to 5/1/1886.

He signed the memorial regarding the tenure of the office of President in May 1875.
See –– J. Place.

Goddard & Weekes
They paid £7 10s 0d on 12/8/1834 for three weeks use of the Lecture Room at Bromley House.

Ernest Goddard

Address: Newcastle Circus, The Park.
Subscriber: 8/11/1904 to 1916.
Share number: 46 (counterfoil dated 20/5/1905).

L.R. Goddard
He paid £7 10s 0d for the use of the Lecture Room for three weeks (12/8/1834)

William Goddard, Esq. (c.1839-1907)
Dental surgeon.
Address: Ravenscourt, Cavendish Crescent, The Park; practice: Oxford Street.
Subscriber: 4/4/1893 to 1908.
Share number: 87 (certificate: 9/2/1901).

On 10/7/1895 he bought three volumes from the Library for 1s 6d.

He was involved with Castle Gate Chapel and the Mission Hall in Ronald Street.
He later had this converted for use as a Men’s Social Club.
He was ‘a kindly-hearted man, very desirous of being useful to others’. (Mellors, 1914)

His death was noted (7/4/1908).
The share was passed to Mrs W. Goddard.

Mrs William Goddard (d.1916)
Wife of William Goddard (q.v.)
Subscriber: 1908 to 18/4/1916.
Share number: 87.

The share was passed from William Goddard.
Her death was noted at the 1916 General Meeting.

Box manufacturers.
They supplied the Library with boxes to the value of 7s 0d on 12/6/1880.

Edward Goldschmidt, Esq., JP (1827-1903)
Wholesale stationer; later silk merchant and throwster and Jacquard card and box manufacturer.
Lord Mayor of Nottingham for 1889-90.
Address: 13 Pelham Crescent, The Park.
Subscriber: 1/6/1863 to 12/4/1904.
Share number: 88 (certificate: 9/2/1901).

He was one of the 23 subscribers asking on 2/3/1867 that salaries and wages at the Library be reduced.

He was born in Germany on 28/4/1827 and in 1866 he married Marie, the daughter of Adolf Gutman of Karlsruhe.

He was influential in the setting up of the University College and chairman of the city’ Libraries and Museum Committee.
He was a governor of Nottingham High School. (Mellors, 1914)


Edward Goldschmidt

See –– James Ward.

Miss Frances Mary Goodacre
Subscriber: 3/12/1849 to 1/4/1852.

Richard Goodacre
Subscriber: 5/5/1823 to April 1848.
Newsroom subscriber: 1831, 1832, 1833.

He was elected to the Committee for 1832-33 but declined.

The share passed to Mrs Goodacre.

Mrs Richard Goodacre
Subscriber: April 1848 2/2/1852.
The distinction between Mr and Mrs is unclear before 1848.

The share transfer was recorded as from the 'late R. Goodacres' with arrears on 2/2/1852.

Robert Goodacre (1771-1835)
Teacher and lecturer.

He was born in Long Clawson and initially followed his father’s trade as a tailor.
In 1796 he began teaching and in 1807 opened his own boarding school on Standard Hill in Nottingham.
In 1821 he began giving public lectures on astronomy and these proved to be a great success.

He had two sons:
It is possible that he was a subscriber to the Library (see below) (Cox, 2005)

Robert Goodacre
Subscriber: 7/6/1824 to 1/1/1828.
He was known as 'Junior'.
He signed the Library Rules (1816-1830).
The transfer was also recorded on 3/3/1827.

Robert Goodacre

A new share was issued (2/4/1828) but he is not on the 1829 list.

Mrs Goodall
Subscriber: April 1828 to April 1830.
The share was passed from P. Goodall but she is not on the 1830 list.

Charles Edward Goodall
Address: Normanton.
Subscriber: 4/4/1842 to April 1848.
The share was passed to Mrs Charles Edward Goodall.

Mrs Charles Edward Goodall
Address: Normanton.
Subscriber: April 1848 to 6/4/1858.
The distinction between Mr and Mrs is unclear before 1848.

George Percy Goodall
Address: Lucknow Avenue.
Subscriber: 11/10/1904 to 1916.
Share number: 245 (counterfoil signed and dated 12/7/1905).
He was nominated (4/4/1911) and subsequently elected (28/4/1911) as a Trustee.
Scrutator: 1913.

He was second choice replacement on the Committee for 1913 when C.E. Townroe resigned (4/3/1913).

Minuted book requests:
The death of a Captain Goodall was noted at the 1916 General Meeting.

George Goodall (1839-1917) worked for I. & R. Morley becoming a partner in 1894.
He was a member of the Council of the Chamber of Commerce and active in social and religious work, being a local preacher for more than 50 years. (Mellors, 1924)

Octavius Goodall
Subscriber: 13/3/1818 to April /1826.
He signed the Library Rules (1816-1830).
The share was passed to P. Goodall.

P. Goodall
Subscriber: April 1826 to April 1828.
The share was passed from Octavius Goodall and then passed to Mrs. Goodall.

Richard Smith Goodall
Subscriber: 5/2/1816 to 13/3/1818.
He signed the Library Rules (1816-1830).

Thomas Goodall
He is mentioned in the transfer deed of 1681 for the land surrounding where Bromley House would later be built.
See –– John Nevill.

John Richard Goodwin, Esq.
Bank manager.
Address: 21 Lenton Terrace, The Park; and Cavendish Road East.
Subscriber: 6/4/1897 to 1916.
Share number: 89 (certificate: 9/2/1901).

He bought a book (or books) from the Library for 10s 0d on 30/11/1900.

John Thomas Goodwin
Address: The Mount, Red Hill, Arnold.
Subscriber: 8/6/1909 to 1916.
Share number: 116 (counterfoil dated 12/4/1910).

He bought a book (or books) from the Library for: 8s 6d (6/12/1912).

He was a subscriber to Russell’s History (1916).

Mr Goodyear
The Committee learnt that from 9/6/1879 he would act for Mr Jobbins regarding his tenancy.

George Noel Gordon Gordon, 6th Baron Byron
See –– Baron Byron.

James Dufty Gorse
Merchant; yarn agent.
Address: Old Manor House, Radcliffe-on-Trent (White, 1864, 1885).
Subscriber: 6/12/1858 to 6/8/1889.

On 6/2/1860 he was fined 2s. 6d for damage to a book.

He was one of the 23 subscribers asking on 2/3/1867 that salaries and wages at the Library be reduced.

Mr Granger
He was paid 8s 6d for clock cleaning on 18/7/1891.

James Granger (1827-1918)
The Presents Book has two entries for Old Nottingham: its Streets and People (1902 & 1904).

He was a joiner working from Derby Road.
At the inaugural member of the Mechanics' Institute in 1837 he became its Vice-President at the age of 84.
He had a wide knowledge of old Nottingham which he preserved in books and in articles in The Transactions of the Thoroton Society. (Mellors, 1924)

Professor Frank Stephen Granger (1864-1936)

Frank Stephen Granger was appointed as a lecturer in classical subjects at University College, Nottingham in 1887.
He became its first Professor of Classics and Philosophy in 1893.
He instituted a small psychological laboratory which attracted ill founded opposition from anti-vivisectionists.
He wrote in Classical Review and Hibbert Journal and produced editions of Vitruvius and of Longinius.

He was made a member of the students Ordo Caligulae thus honouring him for his contributions to students interests.

He resigned the vice-principalship and the chair of classics in 1935 but stayed as head of the Department of Philosophy.

His son, Paul Francis Granger, was a prominent Nottingham accountant and later President of the Council of the University of Nottingham.

[A.C. Wood (1953) A history of the University College, Nottingham 1881 - 1948.

J. Grant
He received £1 18s 6d on 15/4/1913 for unspecified reasons.

John Grant

Second-hand bookseller.

On 25/2/1913 the Library bought:

Gray & Selby
They were paid 5s 0d on 19/7/1879 for unspecified reasons.

Miss Gray
See –– Miss Catherine Woods.

Hewson Gray
Subscriber: 4/9/1871 to 3/3/1873.
He was known as 'Junior'.

He bought a forfeited share from 1851 for £11 11s 0d on 2/10/1871.

Robert Gray
Address: The Park.
Subscriber: 5/5/1834 to 3/4/1860.
Newsroom subscriber: 1832, 1833.
The Standfast Ledger records one borrowing on 28/1/1842.

Miss Sarah Gray, FRCSI.
Address: 21 Regent Street.
Subscriber: 13/9/1904 to 7/5/1907.
Share number: 246 (counterfoil dated 20/5/1905).

Thomas Gray
Subscriber: 6/12/1824 to 5/1/1829.
Newsroom subscriber: 1831.
Committee: 1826, 1827.
He signed the Library Rules (1816-1830) twice.

Mr Greatorex
The Committee meeting of 1/8/1893 agreed him salary payments of £2 10s 0d per month.
Payments of £2 10s 0d and of £2 0s 0d were made approximately monthly through to 26/5/1894.

Mr Greaves

Miss Greaves

See –– Miss Sarah Shuttleworth; William Parsons’ Diary.

This is very likely Miss Frances Greaves (d. 1837) who was a wealthy patron of Joseph Gilbert (1779-1852) (q.v.).
She followed him from Sheffield to Hull and then from Hull to Nottingham.
Until 1830 she lived in one of the apartments in Nottingham Castle and thereafter in a house in Castle Gate.

This entry was provided by  Robin Gilbert, whose great-grandfather’s elder brother was Josiah Gilbert, the son of Joseph Gilbert.

Augustus Greaves

Subscriber: 5/3/1838 to 2/9/1839.
Committee: 1839.

On 2/9/1839 he was replaced on the Committee by Dr J.M.B. Pigot.

Mrs Francis Greaves
Subscriber: 5/12/1825 to 6/1/1840.

George P.A. Greaves

Address: Breaston.
Subscriber: 2/4/1838 to 4/11/1839.

George Green (1793-1841)
Address: Sneinton
Subscriber: 5/5/1823 to 5/8/1833.

He was born at Sneinton where his father was a miller.

He studied mathematics and said that he had:
.... been obliged to obtain the little knowledge he possessed, at such intervals,and by such means, as other indispensible avocations which offer but few opportunities of mental improvement afforded.

He published a major paper in 1828.
This was An essay on the Application of mathematical analysis to the theories of electricity and magnetism which has been described as ‘the most important intellectual event in the history of Nottingham’.
In 1833 he went up to Caius College, Cambridge taking a BA as Fourth Wrangler in 1837.
He was elected to a fellowship of the college in 1839 but died two years later.

Sir William Thomson, later Lord Kelvin, ranked Green with Fourier and with Faraday.

It was also written of Green that:
.... as a mathematician he stood head and shoulders above all his companions in and outside the University.
(Mellors, 1924).

George Green's associations with Bromley House are commemorated by the George Green Room on the second floor.
He gave the Library a copy of his paper of 1828 but sadly this was sold in 1921.

A photograph of Mrs Jane Moth, who was born Jane Smith (1824-1900) and who was the eldest daughter of George Green is in the George Green Room (2006).

George Green’s life and work are covered in detail in George Green: Mathematician and Physicist 1793-1841 -- the background to his life and Work by D.M. Cannell (1993) Athlone Press, London. [ISBN: 0 485 11433 X].

See –– Kirke Swann.

John Green
Newsroom subscriber: 1831, 1832.

Captain John Alfred Henderson Green, CBE (1861-1919)
Address: Hartland, 2 Pelham Terrace, The Park.
Subscriber: 14/6/1903 to 1916.
Share number: 17 (counterfoil signed by him and dated 10/5/1904).
The registration fee of 2s 6d for the transfer of the share from Mrs Bolton was paid on 13/7/1903.
Committee: 1905, 1906.
Book Committee: 1905
He attended the General Meeting: 1905.
He was nominated (4/4/1911) and subsequently elected (28/4/1911) as a Trustee.
He was a subscriber to Russell’s History (1916).

He was born in Nottingham on 11/11/1861 and was educated at Tudor House School in Nottingham.
He was a member of the City Council for Nottingham and served as Lord Mayor for 1907-08 and then became Town Clerk.
His other public interests included: the mechanics' Institute of which he was Honorary Secretary for 10 years, the Nottingham Incorporated Law Society of which he was President in 1905, the Diocesan Council, the University College, the Red Cross Society, the Boy Scouts Association.
He also had a commission in the Robin Hood Rifles.

As Under-Sheriff he presided over compensation cases that arose through the building of the Great Central Railway.
He was also Chairman of the Munitions Tribunal and intimately connected with the building of and worship at St Catherine's church. (Mellors, 1924)

John Alfred Henderson Green

Samuel Green
Newsroom subscriber: 1832.

W.S. Green
Newsroom subscriber: 1831.

Harold Greenhalgh
Cotton doubler.
Address: Forest Road or Forest Row.
Subscriber: 13/3/1900 to 1916.
Share number: 264 (counterfoil signed by him and dated 10/5/1904).
He was a subscriber to Russell’s History (1916).

A. Greeves
Newsroom subscriber: 1831, 1832.

See –– Sutton & Gregory.

Rev Edward Gregory
Address: Langar.
Subscriber: 4/3/1816 to 6/12/1824
Committee: 1820.
He signed the Library Rules (1816-1830).

He was possibly the committee 'visitor' of 11/7/1817.

He was fined 1s 0d (5/6/1820) for not attending a Committee meeting.

R. Gregory
The Standfast Ledger records one borrowing on 7/7/1860.

Robert Gregory
Subscriber: 6/1/1840 to 7/11/1842.

Gresham Publishing Co.
They were paid 14s 6d on 4 June 1912.

H.J. Griffin
Subscriber: 4/12/1882 to 1/5/1899.
The share was transferred to W. Griffin.

William Griffin, Esq.
Address: 29 Arboretum Street.
Subscriber: 1/5/1899 to 1916.
Share number: 90 (certificate: 9/2/1901).

This is the Griffin of Griffin & Spalding on the Old Market Square which is now Debenhams.

The share was transferred from H.J. Griffin.

William Grisenthwaite
He is listed under ‘Academies’ (White, 1832)
Address: St James’s Street.

He was reputed to be the Mr Wisandstop in the pamphlet The Literary Mousetrap published on 14/2/1829 satirising the debates that were taking place at Bromley House Library
The name is written in the margin of the copy of the pamphlet in the Nottingham City Library, Local Studies Collection in Angel Row, but there is no record of anyone of this name being otherwise associated with the Library.

William Grisenthwaite wrote:

On genius: in which it is attempted to prove that there is no mental distinction among mankind.

This was published in 1830:
in London by Hamilton & Adams, Paternoster Row; and by Simplins and Marshall, Stationers Curt;
and in Nottingham by S. Bennett.
The book is shelved at Ba 95 inBromley House.

Grosvenor Subscription Library
In 1896 they were subjected to comparative scrutiny by William Moore, librarian, but seem to have been unsuccessful.

See –– Lewis & Grundy.

Samuel Grundy
Subscriber: 2/4/1832 to 3/6/1839.
Newsroom subscriber: 1833.

Guarantee Society
This organisation was paid £1 10s 0d per annum from May 1906 to July 1915 to insure against misdemeanours by the Librarian.
This payment was made to Augustus Muzeo from July 1900 to July 1905.

Mrs Guilford

Subscriber: 6/2/1854 to 4/3/1867.
Deceased. The share was transferred to Miss Guilford.

Miss Guilford

Subscriber: 4/3/1867 to 7/3/1870.
The share was transferred from the late Mrs Guilford, and then to F.L. Guilford.
See –– Miss Sarah Guilford.

Everard Leaver Guilford, MA
Address: Lenton Avenue.
Subscriber: 1/10/1913 to 1916.
Share number: 152 (counterfoil dated 17/4/1914).
In a letter of 2/2/1914 he asked for the loan of books for an exhibition at University College.

He bought a books from the Library for:
 6s 0d 6/12/1907
14s 0d 1/1/1910
1s 0d 9/12/1907
13s 6d 16/1/1911

Minuted book requests:

On 4/1/1916 the Book Committee received the following requests but made no decision regarding purchase:
He produced a volume of the Nottingham City Records dealing with the period immediately prior to 1760. (Mellors, 1924)

He was a subscriber to Russell’s History (1916).

He was a Cambridge graduate and was appointed to the history department at University College, Nottingham in 1913.

F.L. Guilford
Subscriber: 7/3/1870 to 4/4/1871.
The share was transferred to Miss Guilford.

Miss Sarah Guilford
Address: Lenton Avenue, The Park.
Subscriber: 4/4/1871 to 1916.
She was a subscriber for more than 45 years.
If this is the same lady as the Miss Guilford who subscribed between 1867 and 1870 her length of membership could be extended further.
Share number: 91 (certificate: 9/2/1901).
Committee: 1906 to 1915.
She attended General Meetings: 1902, 1903, 1905, 1906, 1907, 1908, 1909, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1914, 1915, 1916.
Book Committee: 1906, 1907, 1909 to 1915.
Charwomen subcommittee: 1/4/1910.

She, and Miss Mary Sanday, were the first two lady members of the Committee.

They were elected at the 1906 General Meeting and the annual report states:
The Committee note with satisfaction that two ladies have been nominated to serve on their body next year. As there are no fewer than 60 shares standing in ladies’ names, it seems only reasonable that ladies should have some direct share in the management of the Library.

On 4/6/1912 she and Miss Sanday were .....
.... to buy what is necessary for the Ladies Lavatory.

She proposed an increase of payment to the charwoman on 4/4/1916 and she bought a book (or books) from the Library for: 5s 0d (11/12/1908.

Minuted book requests:
She was a subscriber to Russell’s History (1916) (2 copies).

The share was transferred from F.C. or F.L. Guilford and at her death late in 1916 it passed to Hannah Guilford at the same address.

W. Guilford
Subscriber: 20/4/1825 to 2/2/1852.

Julius Gutman
Commission agent.
Address: Elm House (now 29), Cropwell Road, Radcliffe-on-Trent; 24 Clipstone Avenue.
Subscriber: 11/9/1900 to 1916.
Share number: 37 (counterfoil dated 2/4/1902).
He was a subscriber to Russell’s History (1916).

Hutton (or Hulton) Guy
Solicitor and Commissioner to administer oaths in the Supreme Court.
Address: 8 Brougham Chambers, Wheeler Gate; home: 21 Burlington Road, Sherwood [Wright, 1915-16].
Subscriber: 3/3/1914 to 1916.
Share number: 24 (counterfoil dated 17/4/1914).

This page was last updated on

30 July 2009

Neal Priestland